Historical works by Victoria Bynum
Distinguished Professor Emeritus of History
Texas State University, San Marcos

A graduate of the University of California, San Diego, Victoria Bynum is an award-winning author and NEH Fellow who has been a scholar of class, race, and gender relations in the Civil War Era South for more than thirty years.

BOOKS: (to learn more or to purchase, visit Barnes & Nobleor University of North Carolina Pressor Amazon Books)


FSoJ cover

Unruly Women cover




The Long Shadow of the Civil War: Southern Dissent and Its Legacies. University of North Carolina Press, 2010.

The Free State of Jones: Mississippi’s Longest Civil War. University of North Carolina Press, 2001.

Unruly Women: The Politics of Social and Sexual Control in the Old South. University of North Carolina Press, 1992.

FSOJ movie edition


Purchase online from Amazon, or Barnes & Noble, or the University of North Carolina Press.

For a discussion of the movie edition of Free State of Jones and its connection to the movie of same name: click here.


  • “Newt Knight and the Free State of Jones: Myth, Memory, and Imagination,” Journal of Mississippi History, Civil War Sesquicentennial issue, 2017.
  • “East Texas Unionism: Warren J. Collins, Big Thicket Jayhawker,” in Lone Star Unionism and Dissent: The Other Civil War Texas, edited by Jesus F. de la Tejas.  2016.
  • “The Seduction and Suicide of Mariah Murray: A Civil War Era Tragedy,” Ohio Valley History, Sesquicentennial issue on Women and the Civil War, 2015.
  • “Class and Culture in the White South,” in The American South: a Reader and Guide, edited by Daniel Letwin. Edinburgh University Press, 2011.
  • “Negotiating Boundaries of Race and Gender in Jim Crow Mississippi: The Women of the Knight Family,” in Crossroads of Circumstances: Women, Race, and Culture in Mississippi, 1690-2001, edited by Elizabeth A. Payne, Martha Swain, and Marjorie J. Spruill. University of Georgia Press, 2010.
  • “Occupied At Home: North Carolina Women Confront Confederate Forces,” in Occupied Women: Protection, Violation, and the Sexual Politics of the Union Military, edited by LeeAnn Whites and Alecia Long. Louisiana State University Press, 2009.
  • “‘We Never Yielded in The Struggle:’ The Home Front,” in Struggle For a Vast Future: The American Civil War, edited by Aaron Sheehan-Dean with an introduction by James McPherson. Osprey Publishing, April 2006.
  • “Telling and Retelling the Legend of the Free State of Jones,” In Guerrillas, Unionists, and Violence on the Confederate Home Front, edited by Daniel E. Sutherland. University of Arkansas, 1999.
  • “Misshapen Identity: Memory, Folklore, and the Legend of Rachel Knight.” In Discovering the Women in Slavery: Emancipating Perspectives on the American Past, edited by Patricia Morton. University of Georgia Press, 1996. Revised and Republished in Sex, Love, Race: Crossing Boundaries in North American History, edited by Martha Hodes. New York University Press, 1999.
  • “Mothers, Lovers, and Wives: Images of Poor White Women in Edward Isham’s Autobiography.” In The Confessions of Edward Isham: A Poor White Life of the Old South, edited by Charles C. Bolton and Scott P. Culclasure. University of Georgia Press, 1998.
  • “‘White Negroes’ in Segregated Mississippi: Miscegenation, Racial Identity, and the Law.” Journal of Southern History, May 1998.
  • “Reshaping the Bonds of Womanhood: Divorce in Reconstruction North Carolina.” In Divided Houses: Gender and the Civil War, edited by Catherine Clinton and Nina Silber. Oxford University Press, 1992.
  • “War Within a War: Women’s Participation in the Revolt of the North Carolina Piedmont, 1863-65,” Frontiers: A Journal of Women’s Studies, Fall 1987.
  • “The Lowest Rung: Court Control Over Poor White and Free Black Women,” Southern Exposure, Nov./Dec. 1984. Republished in Black Women in United States History: From Colonial Times Through the Nineteenth Century. Volume I, edited by Darlene Clark Hine. Carlson Publishing, 1990.


  • Afterword, The Civil War Guerrilla: Unfolding the Black Flag in History, Memory, and Myth, edited by Matthew Hulbert and Joseph Beilein Jr. University Press of Kentucky, 2015.
  • Interview about “Free State of Jones,” in Talking About History: Historians Discuss the Civil War (Civil War Forum’s Q&A, Book 1), edited by David Woodbury. Amazon E-Book, 2014.
  • “Rebels Against the Confederacy,” Hillviews: The Life and Times of Texas State University-San Marcos, vol. 38, no. 1 (spring/summer 2008).
  • “The Five Classes of Women in Antebellum North Carolina,” Antebellum Issue of Tar Heel Junior Historian, November 1996.
  • “Hetty Cary,” “Sallie A. Brock,” “Phoebe Pember,” “Marriage and Divorce,” all in Encyclopedia of the Confederacy, edited by Richard Current. Simon and Schuster, 1993.

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